Bosch's Last Judgment is one of his most impressive works, as well as one of his most impressive works on this subject in general. It was commissioned by the governor of the Netherlands and is the largest surviving work of the Artist.
The plot of the triptych is intuitive to anyone who is familiar with Christian traditions at least to some extent. Paradise is depicted on the left wing - it tells the very beginning of the biblical story. Here the Lord creates Eve from the rib of sleeping Adam. Here Adam and Eve try forbidden apples from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. Here a radiant archangel with a sword in his hand expels them from the Garden of Eden. In the clouds above them, angels fight with fallen angels, dropping them down. And above them, Christ in the radiance of glory and power.
The middle sash depicts the Last Judgment. Upstairs there is a trial, the trumpets of the last hour blow, the angels crowd around the throne of the Savior, and the righteous stand at his feet, preparing to go to heaven - it is noteworthy that there are very few of them compared to sinners, which can express the pessimism of the artist who believes that the righteous on earth not so much. And under them begins hell. Millstones rotate, sinners are tormented by devils, sinners inflict pain on other sinners, and although this is only a picture of judgment, it already looks very much like hell.
The last wing is, in fact, hell, and it evokes extremely unpleasant thoughts about the finiteness of life and that if hell is indeed such, then it is better not to sin. Bosch's fantasy is manifested in all its glory - sinners are tormented, pierced with arrows and blades, burned, boiled alive, torn to pieces, hung like pork carcasses on hooks. As far as paradise is present, hell is just as alive and graphic as if it was much closer to the artist.
If the artist set himself some goal, then this goal is to ward off sinners from hell in the simplest way. Intimidating them.
Ninth Shaft Picture