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This mural is considered the best. Sometimes it is called "Submit."
Masaccio took this episode from the Gospel. Christ traveled with his apostles to different cities. One day they come to Caperanum. Before entering, it was required to pay only one statir. But those who came had no money at all. Christ gave the order to Peter. It was necessary to catch the fish, and then get the desired statir out of it.
Before the viewer passes a whole series of interconnected episodes. We see Christ in the center. He was surrounded by the apostles. He tells Peter what needs to be done. On the left side we see Peter, who is fishing. On the right side, Peter is already giving the statier to the person collecting the taxes.
Many researchers were interested in why Masaccio decided to include this plot in the cycle of his frescoes. This episode has been interpreted in different ways. It seems that the artist specifically emphasizes the legality of such taxes. The plot was included in the cycle of frescoes because just at that time there were disputes about tax reform. The cadastre, which established taxation in a more equitable form, was adopted in 1427.
All figures are lined up. A group of apostles forms a semicircle. According to researchers, it clearly comes from antiquity. In ancient times, Socrates and his disciples were depicted in this way. Then they began to depict Jesus in the art of early Christianity. Later, the circle became a symbol of completeness and perfection.
Each character is individual. The viewer sees a vivid embodiment of the characters. All figures are dressed in tunics, as in ancient times. One Peter took off his tunic, as he was afraid to get it dirty while fishing. All character poses are similar to statue poses.
Masaccio accidentally used a rare plot. The composition is designed in such a way that the action seems continuous. Juicy colors are amazing.
This is truly the best work of Masaccio.